Economic and Ecological Aspects of REEE

Module Title Economic and Ecological Aspects of REEE1
CompetencyUnderstanding the importance of renewable energies with regards to environmental and economical impact of energy industry and assessing potential alternatives
Courses Title Teaching Method SWS Credits Performance requirements/Examination
Environmental Issues and Managing the Effects (Global Climate Change)
seminar, lecture 2 2 written exam
Macroeconomic aspects of RE2
lecture 2 2 written exam
Engineering Economics and Feasibility Studies for REEE lecture 2 2 written exam
Potentials of RE in the MENA
Region and Europe
seminar22written exam
Semester winter
Responsible Khalil
Site Cairo
Lecturer(s) Osama Elbahar
Mohamed El Sobki
Sayed Kaseb, Mohamed Fawzi El-Refaie
Adel Khalil, Sayed Kaseb
Language English
Workload 120 hours course attendance
  80 hours self-study
Credits 8
Recommended Qualifications -
Learning Outcomes a) Environmental Issues and Managing the Effects
After the successful participation in the course Environmental Issues and Managing the Effects (Global Climate Change) the students are able to:
  • recognize different effects of energy use on environment, society and economy, methods of greenhouse gas balances and concepts for mitigation
  • distinguish different energy concepts relating to their environmental impacts.
b) Macroeconomic Aspects of RE
After the successful participation in the course Macroeconomic Aspects of RE the students are able to:
  • assess economic aspects of production, distribution, consumption of energy and energy trade (including sustainability aspects)
  • interpret economic and administrative rules and regulations, functions and structure of regional, national and international organisations involved in the energy sector.
c) Engineering Economics and Feasibility Studies for REEE
After the successful participation in the course Engineering Economics and Feasibility Studies for REEE the students are able to:
  • interpret basic economic concepts (e.g. demand supply equilibrium, risk analysis, depreciation)
  • conduct feasibility studies, concepts of decision making, cost estimation techniques and funding strategies.
d) Potentials of RE in the MENA Region and Europe
After the successful participation in the course Potentials of RE in the MENA Region and Europe the students are able to:
  • assign conversion efficiencies for different forms of energy with special respect to implementation in MENA Region.
Contents a) Environmental Issues and Managing the Effects (Global Climate Change)
  • Environmental consequences of energy use and production:
    • climate change / global warming
    • air pollution
    • water use and pollution
    • natural disasters
    • sea level rise
    • migration
    • climate change
  • Mitigation:
    • political framework (Kyoto protocol, UNFCCC)
    • technologies for mitigation such as RE, EE, clean coal
  • Adaptation:
    • risk management
    • land use change
  • Greenhouse gas balances:
    • fundamentals, methods, calculation
b) Macroeconomic aspects of RE
  • Basics:
    • the national energy balance (who produces what type of energy, where, and from which source, who consumes it, where, and for what purpose)
    • energy related units
    • conversions
    • formulas
  • Sustainability criteria:
    • economic, social, ecologic and political aspects
    • criteria and indicators of the concept of sustainable energy supply
    • global and European-Arab strategies of energy supply
    • trade and security
    • "plan solaire"
  • Policies:
    • role of state / market / private sector
    • decentralisation
    • standardisation
    • policy options and mix
    • awareness building
  • Regulations:
    • laws and law enforcement
    • division of labour among organisations
    • feed-in, economic and social functions of tariffs
  • Organisations:
    • functions and structure of public and private organisations in the energy sector on the national, regional and international level (e.g. IEA, IAEO)
c) Engineering Economics and Feasibility Studies for REEE
  • Economic decision, money-time relationship, cost and cost estimating
  • Feasibility study: detailed introduction into building and structuring
  • Methods of economic studies and selection
  • Calculating:
    • depreciation
    • income taxes, after-tax considerations, price change and exchange rate
    • replacement analysis and probabilistic economic analysis
    • funding requirements
    • financial accounting and benefits analysis
    • complete feasibility study
d) Potentials of RE in the MENA Region and Europe
  • Actual energy situation in EU and MENA countries resp. student’s home countries
  • definitions of potentials
  • researching specific information sources
  • actual state and potentials of renewable energies in the different countries
  • actual projects for renewable energies: DESERTEC, Aqua/MED CSP
  • economics and calculating technical potentials of RE in the MENA region
Media Black board and beamer, visiting energy sector organisations in Egypt and discussions with planners and decision makers, slide show and power point presentations, open ended discussions initiated by the lecturer, case studies through team work ended by discussions, computer lab for spreadsheet applications and surveying issues, project work.
Literature
1 REEE stands for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency.
2 RE stands for Renewable Energies.