Practical Aspects of REEE

Module Title Practical Aspects of REEE1
CompetencyIdentifying opportunities for practical implementation of RE systems
Courses Title Teaching Method SWS Credits Performance requirements/Examination
Grid Integration
lecture, seminar 2 2 written report, presentation,
oral exam
Energy Efficiency in Buildings
lecture 3 3 written/oral exam
System Aspects of Bio Power Generationlecture, lab training22written exam
Semester summer
Responsible Dahlhaus
Site Kassel
Lecturer(s) Kurt Rohrig, Bernhardt Lange
Susanne Eckhardt-Kastner, John Sievers
John Sievers
Language English
Workload 105 hours course attendance
  70 hours self-study
Credits 7
Recommended Qualifications  -
Learning Outcomes a) Grid Integration
After the successful participation in the course Grid Integration the students are able to:
  • understand the design, problems and operation of integrated grids with respect to the specific properties of renewable energies
  • apply advanced schemes like online-monitoring and forecasting.
b) Energy Efficiency in Buildings
After the successful participation in the course Energy Efficiency in Buildings the students are able to:
  • understand physical and technical aspects of energy flows in buildings
  • identify heat gains, heat losses and cooling demand of rooms
  • determine life cycle costs and life cycle assessment of environmental impacts in the building sector.
c) System Aspects of Bio Power Generation
After the successful participation in the course System Aspects of Bio Power Generation the students are able to:
  • understand the basics of life cycle assessment for different renewable energy sources
  • Investigate energy costs and to determine roughly costs under different conditions (sizes, boundary conditions etc.)
  • determine the heat value of fuels and to determine and assess emissions of the burning process.
Contents a) Grid Integration
  • Spatio-temporal behaviour of wind and solar power:
    • wind and solar power as energy sources
    • the spatio-temporal behaviour of wind and solar power
  • Integrating wind and solar power in the electricity grid:
    • grid operation
    • wind and solar power in electricity grids
    • balancing of production and consumption
    • grid connection and ancillary services for the grid
  • Strategies and tools for the operation of the electricity supply system:
    • online-monitoring and smoothing effects
    • wind power and solar power forecasting
    • control options for the renewable power plant
  • Outlook: virtual power plant, storage, load management
b) Energy Efficiency in Buildings
  • Basics of building physics:
    • heat transfer adapted to building elements like walls and windows
    • shading devices, humidity and condensation effects
    • global radiation on building
  • Conventional vs. unconventional energy use in buildings:
    • thermal comfort, ventilation
    • boilers, cogeneration of heat and electricity, heat pumps
    • passive houses
  • Economic aspects of EE in the building sector:
    • costs and savings of energy efficiency measures
    • life cycle costs and life cycle assessment of environmental impacts
  • Comparing conditions in Germany and the Mena countries
c) System Aspects of Bio Power Generation
  • Introduction into life cycle assessment of environmental impacts:
    • using Gemis and Ecoinvent. DIN ISO 14040
  • Scientific cost and life cycle analysis for different renewable energy sources:
    • bio energy in comparison to PV, wind, solar thermal power plants, hydro Power
    • derivation of ecological figures for operation, production and removal of plants
  • Introduction into scientific data collection and allocations:
    • bonuses
    • problems of different assessments with focus on bio energy
  • Lab regarding fundamentals of:
    • calorimetric
    • exhaust gas measurements
  • Thermodynamic calculations
  • Environmental impacts:
    • assessment of accuracy
    • discussion of environmental impacts
Media Black board and beamer, power point presentations, experiments.
Literature
  • M.B. Ferguson (ed.), Renewable Energy Grid Integration: Technical Performance and Requirements (Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety), Nova Science Publishers Inc, 2010.
  • S. Heier and R. Waddington, Grid Integration of Wind Energy Conversion Systems, Wiley-Blackwell, 2nd edition, 2006.
  • Energy Efficiency in Buildings (CIBSE Guide), Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, 2006.
  • European Standard DIN EN ISO 14040, Environmental management - Life cycle
    assessment - Principles andframework
  • European Standard DIN EN ISO 14041, Environmental management - Life cycle
    assessment -Goal andscope definition and life cycle inventory analysis
  • Further literature will be announced by the lecturers: Introductory documents for the
    Ecoinvent and GEMIS data source.
  • R. Zah, H. Böni, M. Gauch, R. Hischier, M. Lehmann and P. Wäger, Life Cycle
    Assessment of Energy Products: Environmental Assessment of Biofuels, Empa,
    Technology and Society Lab, 2007; downloadable from
    http://www.bfe.admin.ch/themen/00490/00496/index.html?lang=en&dossier_id=01273.
  • R. Frischknecht and N. Jungbluth (eds.), Overview and Methodology, Ecoinvent report
    No. 1, 2007; downloadable from http://www.ecoinvent.org/fileadmin/documents/en/01_OverviewAndMethodology.pdf.
  • The Adiabatic Constant Volume Twin Calorimeter, downloadable from
    http://fluidproperties.nist.gov/cvht.html
1 REEE stands for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency.