Bio Energy

Module Title Bio Energy
Module Type E
CompetencyAssessing different technologies of bio energy (mainly bio fuels and waste)
Courses Title Teaching Method SWS Credits Performance requirements/Examination
Bio Fuels
lecture 2 2
  • midterm (40%): lab work evaluation, presentation
  • final exam (60%)
Potentials of Bio Waste lecture, seminar 2 2
  • midterm assignments (40%)
  • final exam (60%)
Semester winter
Responsible Khalil
Site Cairo
Lecturer(s) Fatma Ashour
Language English
Workload 60 hours course attendance
40 hours self-study
Credits 4
Recommended Qualifications  -
Learning Outcomes a) Bio Fuels
After the successful participation in the course Bio Fuels the students are able to:
  • Assess different types of bio energy sources with focus on liquid fuels
  • Evaluate different bio fuels.
b) Potentials of Bio Waste
After the successful participation in the course Potentials of Bio Waste the students are able to:
  • Perceive sources, potentials and possible energetic use of bio waste.
Contents a) Bio Fuels
  • Petroleum as fuel (reserves, production and consumption) as well as gas and oil prices
  • Potential of RE, carbon cycle
  • Biochemistry fundamentals:
    • chemistry of alcohols
    • triglycerides, free fatty acids, trans-esterification reaction
    • oilseed processing (oil expellers, solvent extraction)
  • Bio fuels fundamentals:
    • history
    • international applications and production
    • properties, specifications
    • environmental impact
  • Sustainability criteria:
    • feedstock planting (agricultural point of view, climate conditions, weather)
    • feedstock selection (food edible vs. non-edible, agricultural waste, vegetable oils, animal fats and waste oils)
    • water consumption
    • land use for biomass production
  • Economics of bio fuels:
    • Engine modifications for bio fuels
b) Potential of Bio Waste
  • Bio waste potential in the MENA region
  • Possible waysof collecting bio mass
  • Energetic use in power generation
  • Problems in handling materials and emissions in the burning process
  • Assessment of different resources
Media Field visits to oilseed plantations and oil extraction facilities in Egypt; lab work: preparation of biodiesel from non-edible vegetable oil; evaluation of the physical properties of the produced fuel, engine testing.
  • A. Demirbas, Biofuels: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs, Springer, 2nd edition, 2008.
  • S. Khanal, Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass, ASCE, 2010.
  • Further literature will be announced by the lecturer.