Module
Title  Thermodynamic Basics 
Competency  Understanding basic physical concepts
used in engineering 
Courses 
Title  Teaching Method  SWS  Credits  Performance
requirements/Examination 
Engineering
Thermodynamics  lecture, exercise  2  2  written
exam 
Heat Transfer
 lecture, exercise  3 
3  written
exam 
Fluid Mechanics  lecture, exercise  3  3  written exam 
Material Science  lecture,
exercise  2  2  written
exam 
Semester 
winter 
Responsible 
Khalil 
Site 
Cairo 
Lecturer(s) 
Hendawi
Salem, AbdElMaged Hafiz
Adel Khalil
Mahmoud Fouad Iman El Mahallawy 
Language 
English 
Workload 
150
hours course attendance
100 hours selfstudy 
Credits 
10 
Recommended
Qualifications   
Learning
Outcomes 
a) Engineering Thermodynamics After
the successful participation in the course Engineering Thermodynamics the
students are able to:
 implement the first
and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systems
 interpret
property tables and create energy balances
 analyze
power and refrigeration cycle performance.
b) Heat Transfer After
the successful participation in the course Heat Transfer the
students are able to:
 conduct basic
principles of heat transfer and its basic modes on energy systems
 assess
temperature distribution and heat flow regarding heat exchangers and
insulations. c) Fluid Mechanics After
the successful participation in the course Fluid Mechanics the
students are able to:
 conduct conservation
equations on fluid flow
 implement fluid flow
dimensional analysis on pressure losses and pumping power
requirements. d) Material Science After
the successful participation in the course Material Science the
students are able to:
 perceive next
generation photovoltaic and optoelectronics materials used
in photovoltaic applications
 interpret
advanced membrane materials.

Contents 
a) Engineering
Thermodynamics
 Fundamental
concepts and definitions:
 unit systems
 (pure)
substances
 thermodynamic properties and relations
 First
and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systems
 Vapor
power cycles
 Reversed cycles
 Power
and refrigeration cycle performance
 Introduction to
different modes of heat transfer
b) Heat Transfer
 Heat
transfer by thermal conduction:
 1D steady
state conditions
 heat transfer in composite walls
and cylinders
 internal heat generation
 extended
surfaces
 Heat transfer by convection:
 natural
and forced convection
 principles, mechanisms and
correlations
 Heat transfer by thermal
radiation:
 principles

radiation properties
 surface heat exchange
 Heat
transfer by boiling and condensation
 Heat exchange
types and basic sizing calculations
c) Fluid Mechanics
 Fundamental
concepts of fluids and fluid statics
 Basic
equations:
 conservation equations
 momentum
and mass balances
 Bernoulli equation
 Different
flow types (laminar vs. turbulent)
 Flow
characteristics in ducts and pipes:
 viscous
flow
 pressure loss calculation in pipes
 calculation
of pumping power requirements
 Dimensional
similarity
d)
Material Science
 Electronic
transport in semiconducting materials:
 quantum
wire and quantum dot nanostructures increasing PV technology efficiency
 excitation,
scattering and relaxation mechanisms
 Advanced
membrane materials
 Fuel cell and batteries
including polymers, ionic solids, and hybrid systems

Media 
Black
board and beamer, lectures and
presentations, problem based teaching, experimental measurements, use
of simple computer programs. 
Literature 
 G.J. van Wylen and R.E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical
Thermodynamics, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New
York, 1985.
 J.P. Holman, Heat
Transfer, McGrawHill Science/Engineering/Math, 9th
edition, 2001.
 Lecture notes on Fluid
Mechanics and Material
Science.
