Thermodynamic Basics

Module Title Thermodynamic Basics
CompetencyUnderstanding basic physical concepts used in engineering
Courses Title Teaching Method SWS Credits Performance requirements/Examination
Engineering Thermodynamics
lecture, exercise 2 2 written exam
Heat Transfer
lecture, exercise 3 3 written exam
Fluid Mechanics lecture, exercise 3 3 written exam
Material Sciencelecture, exercise22written exam
Semester winter
Responsible Khalil
Site Cairo
Lecturer(s) Hendawi Salem, Abd-El-Maged Hafiz
Adel Khalil
Mahmoud Fouad
Iman El Mahallawy
Language English
Workload 150 hours course attendance
100 hours self-study
Credits 10
Recommended Qualifications -
Learning Outcomes a) Engineering Thermodynamics
After the successful participation in the course Engineering Thermodynamics
the students are able to:
  • implement the first and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systems
  • interpret property tables and create energy balances
  • analyze power and refrigeration cycle performance.
b) Heat Transfer
After the successful participation in the course Heat Transfer the students are able to:
  • conduct basic principles of heat transfer and its basic modes on energy systems
  • assess temperature distribution and heat flow regarding heat exchangers and
    insulations.
c) Fluid Mechanics
After the successful participation in the course Fluid Mechanics the students are able to:
  • conduct conservation equations on fluid flow
  • implement fluid flow dimensional analysis on pressure losses and pumping power
    requirements.
d) Material Science
After the successful participation in the course Material Science the students are able to:
  • perceive next generation photovoltaic and optoelectronics materials used in photovoltaic applications
  • interpret advanced membrane materials.
Contents a) Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Fundamental concepts and definitions:
    • unit systems
    • (pure) substances
    • thermodynamic properties and relations
  • First and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systems
  • Vapor power cycles
  • Reversed cycles
  • Power and refrigeration cycle performance
  • Introduction to different modes of heat transfer
b) Heat Transfer
  • Heat transfer by thermal conduction:
    • 1D steady state conditions
    • heat transfer in composite walls and cylinders
    • internal heat generation
    • extended surfaces
  • Heat transfer by convection:
    • natural and forced convection
    • principles, mechanisms and correlations
  • Heat transfer by thermal radiation:
    • principles
    • radiation properties
    • surface heat exchange
  • Heat transfer by boiling and condensation
  • Heat exchange types and basic sizing calculations
c) Fluid Mechanics
  • Fundamental concepts of fluids and fluid statics
  • Basic equations:
    • conservation equations
    • momentum and mass balances
    • Bernoulli equation
  • Different flow types (laminar vs. turbulent)
  • Flow characteristics in ducts and pipes:
    • viscous flow
    • pressure loss calculation in pipes
    • calculation of pumping power requirements
  • Dimensional similarity
d) Material Science
  • Electronic transport in semiconducting materials:
    • quantum wire and quantum dot nanostructures increasing PV technology efficiency
    • excitation, scattering and relaxation mechanisms
  • Advanced membrane materials
  • Fuel cell and batteries including polymers, ionic solids, and hybrid systems
Media Black board and beamer, lectures and presentations, problem based teaching, experimental measurements, use of simple computer programs.
Literature
  • G.J. van Wylen and R.E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985.
  • J.P. Holman, Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, 9th edition, 2001.
  • Lecture notes on Fluid Mechanics and Material Science.