# Thermodynamic Basics

 Module Title Thermodynamic Basics Competency Understanding basic physical concepts used in engineering Courses Title Teaching Method SWS Credits Performance requirements/Examination Engineering Thermodynamics lecture, exercise 2 2 written exam Heat Transfer lecture, exercise 3 3 written exam Fluid Mechanics lecture, exercise 3 3 written exam Material Science lecture, exercise 2 2 written exam Semester winter Responsible Khalil Site Cairo Lecturer(s) Hendawi Salem, Abd-El-Maged Hafiz Adel Khalil Mahmoud FouadIman El Mahallawy Language English Workload 150 hours course attendance 100 hours self-study Credits 10 Recommended Qualifications - Learning Outcomes a) Engineering ThermodynamicsAfter the successful participation in the course Engineering Thermodynamicsthe students are able to:implement the first and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systemsinterpret property tables and create energy balancesanalyze power and refrigeration cycle performance.b) Heat TransferAfter the successful participation in the course Heat Transfer the students are able to:conduct basic principles of heat transfer and its basic modes on energy systemsassess temperature distribution and heat flow regarding heat exchangers andinsulations.c) Fluid MechanicsAfter the successful participation in the course Fluid Mechanics the students are able to:conduct conservation equations on fluid flowimplement fluid flow dimensional analysis on pressure losses and pumping powerrequirements.d) Material ScienceAfter the successful participation in the course Material Science the students are able to:perceive next generation photovoltaic and optoelectronics materials used in photovoltaic applicationsinterpret advanced membrane materials. Contents a) Engineering ThermodynamicsFundamental concepts and definitions:unit systems(pure) substancesthermodynamic properties and relationsFirst and second law of thermodynamics on thermal systemsVapor power cyclesReversed cyclesPower and refrigeration cycle performanceIntroduction to different modes of heat transferb) Heat TransferHeat transfer by thermal conduction:1D steady state conditionsheat transfer in composite walls and cylindersinternal heat generationextended surfacesHeat transfer by convection:natural and forced convectionprinciples, mechanisms and correlationsHeat transfer by thermal radiation:principles radiation propertiessurface heat exchangeHeat transfer by boiling and condensationHeat exchange types and basic sizing calculationsc) Fluid MechanicsFundamental concepts of fluids and fluid staticsBasic equations:conservation equationsmomentum and mass balancesBernoulli equationDifferent flow types (laminar vs. turbulent)Flow characteristics in ducts and pipes:viscous flowpressure loss calculation in pipescalculation of pumping power requirementsDimensional similarityd) Material ScienceElectronic transport in semiconducting materials:quantum wire and quantum dot nanostructures increasing PV technology efficiencyexcitation, scattering and relaxation mechanismsAdvanced membrane materialsFuel cell and batteries including polymers, ionic solids, and hybrid systems Media Black board and beamer, lectures and presentations, problem based teaching, experimental measurements, use of simple computer programs. Literature G.J. van Wylen and R.E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, 3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985. J.P. Holman, Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, 9th edition, 2001. Lecture notes on Fluid Mechanics and Material Science.