GRID-Land

Overview

The GRID-Land research group focuses on the development of integrated models to simulate land use systems. The research objective of is to evaluate impacts of land use change and identify favorable and adverse effects, in order to ultimately contribute to the development of sustainable pathways into the future. Much of the scientific output also is of high political relevance, which is why the group continuously endeavors to disseminate results to interested audience.

The group is led by Apl. Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Schaldach and consists of PhD students and research assistants with different natural science, environmental science and informatics backgrounds.

The models developed by the group are partly designed for regional scales like districts, states or countries, whereas others operate on the large scale for continental to global assessments.

Research Questions and Approach

The activities of the GRID-Land group are concentrated on Global Change Research. They include environmental changes, such as climate change, but also socio-economic processes, such as globalization and demographic changes. The individual research goals are determined by the overall objective of sustainable development, and are to develop concepts and, based on these concepts, build integrated models of land use change to assess both environmental and socio-economic effects and consequences of Global Change processes on terrestrial systems. The group concentrates on two methodological aspects, which are (i) the coupling of existing models in an integrated modeling framework and (ii) the implementation of feedback loops between coupled modules / submodules, in order to improve the representation of feedbacks between the individual systems components. This should improve the realism of the overall impact assessments since feedbacks and other couplings can be taken into consideration.

The basic tool of the group is the model framework LANDSHIFT to simulate large scale land use systems. LANDSHIFT is spatially explicit, which means that the biophysical environmental data are geographically explicitly represented on a rectangular grid. The spatial resolution is determined by the size of the area modeled, ranging from the 1x1 km for regional studies to the 10 x10 km (5 arcminutes) for global assessments. Typical time periods of the simulations - usually in form of scenarios of future development - range between 20 and 25 years, and in a geographically aggregated form, cover up to 100 years.

In ongoing projects, the group concentrates on study regions ranging from the global scale to applications in different parts of the world, including the African and European continents, as well as the State of Hesse in Germany.

Projects

The above mentioned research topics are currently being studied in a series of projects which are funded both by national institutions (e.g., the German Ministry of Education and Research - BMBF; the German Research Foundation - DFG) and international organizations such as the European Union or the United Nations.

Members of GRID-Land

Rüdiger Schaldach (Apl. Prof. Dr.)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34109 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 0140
Telephone +49 561 804-6130
Picture of  Rüdiger (Apl. Prof. Dr.) Schaldach

Jan Göpel (M.A. Sustainable Economics)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34109 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 1220
Telephone +49 561 804-6129
Telefax +49 561 804-6116
E-mail address goepel@cesr.de
Picture of  Jan (M.A. Sustainable Economics) Göpel

Rebekka Hüfner (M.Sc. Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34109 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 1220
Telephone +49 561 804-6047
Telefax +49 561 804-6116
E-mail address huefner@cesr.de
Picture of  Rebekka (M.Sc. Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie) Hüfner

Jan Schüngel (Dipl.-Systemwiss. & Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Geoinformatik)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34117 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 1210
Telephone +49 561 804-6134
Telefax +49 561 804-6116
E-mail address schuengel@cesr.de
Picture of  Jan (Dipl.-Systemwiss. & Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Geoinformatik) Schüngel

Benjamin Stuch (Dr. rer. nat.)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34117 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 1210
Telephone +49 561 804-6133
Telefax +49 561 804-6116
E-mail address stuch@cesr.de
Picture of  Benjamin (Dr. rer. nat.) Stuch

Florian Wimmer (Dipl.-Geoökologe)

Address Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
34117 Kassel
Building: Wilhelmshöher Allee 47
Room Raum 0170
Telephone +49 561 804-6137
Telefax +49 561 804-6116
Picture of  Florian (Dipl.-Geoökologe) Wimmer