Cluster B: Ecology, economy, and service exchanges

General Hypotheses:

(H2) Conflicts between provisioning, supporting, regulating, and cultural ecosystem services increase with urbanisation.

(H3) Diversity of exchange processes of goods and services is highest at intermediate stages of transition and decreases again as food systems become more efficient.

(H4) Ecological constraints and economic opportunities increase with proximity to the urban centre and make decision processes more complex.


B01 Biodiversity and ecosystem services T. Tscharntke, K. Wiegand, I. Grass
B02 Preferences and decision-making behaviour M. Wollni, O. Musshoff
B03 Dairy value chain B. Brümmer
Vending mobile and customers on an elevated trail
Mobile icecream vendor in a quarry close to the city