Interfaces and Support

Assistenzsystem nutzt Belegungsdaten für individuelle Empfehlungen

U-hoch-3: Unbeschwert urban unterwegs

Wenn öffentliche Verkehrsmittel (ÖV) attraktiver werden, verbessert das die Lebensqualität im urbanen Raum deutlich. Zwei Drittel der zurückgelegten Wege in Städten entfallen auf Freizeitaktivitäten, Einkauf und private Erledigungen. Dabei müssen oft Einkäufe oder Gepäck transportiert werden, was mit ÖV unbequem sein kann. Außerdem kann man nicht sicher sein, dass Sitzplätze verfügbar sind und die gewünschten Anschlüsse beim Umsteigen erreicht werden.

Deshalb wird in diesem vom Fachgebiet Mensch-Maschine-Systemtechnik koordinierten Projekt ein Assistenzsystem konzipiert, das den Nutzer bedarfsgerecht entlang seiner Reisekette unterstützt. Zusätzlich zur intermodalen Reiseplanung bietet es einen innovativen innerstädtischen Lieferdienst, der mit Gepäckabgabe, Transport und Zustellung die gesamte Lieferkette abdeckt. Gemeinsam mit innerstädtischen Verkehrsdienstleistern wird evaluiert, wie der Belegungszustand von ÖV erfasst und in Echtzeit bereitgestellt werden kann, damit man künftig in seiner Reiseplanung flexibel darauf reagieren kann. Zudem wird ein Konzept zur Anschlusssicherung entwickelt, umgesetzt und erprobt. Dabei soll der Kunde seinen Anschlusswunsch signalisieren können, damit Verkehrsdienstleister den Anschluss sicherstellen und verlässliche Informationen dazu bereitstellen können.

Das Assistenzsystem bietet eine integrierte Lösung für die getrennte Personen- und Gepäckbeförderung, die das Einkaufen ohne Auto erleichtert. Indem ÖV attraktiver gemacht werden, reduzieren sich Schadstoff- und Lärmbelastung in der Stadt.

Am Projekt beteiligte Wissenschaftler

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt
Dipl.-Inf. Jens Hegenberg
Anna Klingauf, M. Sc.

Kooperationspartner

Fachgebiet Verkehrsplanung und Verkehrssysteme der Universität Kassel
Fachgebiet Öffentliches Recht, IT-Recht und Umweltrecht der Universität Kassel
DHL Delivery Kassel GmbH, Kassel
INIT Innovative Informatikanwendungen in Transport-, Verkehrs- und Leitsystemen GmbH, Karlsruhe
IVU Traffic Technologies AG, Berlin
Kasseler Verkehrs-Gesellschaft AG, Kassel
Verkehrsverbund und Fördergesellschaft Nordhessen mbH, Kassel
City Kaufleute Kassel e. V., Kassel
ECE Projektmanagement GmbH & Co. KG, Kassel
Werbegemeinschaft Königs-Galerie, Kassel
MoWiN.net e. V., Kassel
Quartier Wilhelmsstraße e. V., Kassel
Stadt Kassel
Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen, Köln

Förderung und Laufzeit

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, 12 / 2017 - 11 / 2018 und
6 /2019 - 5 / 2023

Weitere Informationen zum Projekt


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Information and Reservation - Arrival - Activity and Mobility at Destination - Departure

FREE: Recreational Traffic and Occasional Transportation with Intermodal Bookable Electric Vehicles

FREE deals with the analysis, design, use, and evaluation of various cooperating means of transport, involving electrically powered mobility, in the field of leisure and occasional transportation. Throughout Germany, it is the first project of its kind. It aims on the integration of various sustainable means of transport to visit leisure destinations and events and refers to the entire process of mobility from acquiring information and booking of seats up to the change in location. A new feature is the incorporation of a central, integrated booking system which in addition to room reservation comprises modules such as vehicle rental and occasional transportation. The mobility services provided include tram and bus, electric vehicles, rental bikes and electric bikes including the electric charging infrastructure for electric vehicles.

The Human-Machine Systems Engineering group will support the user- and task-oriented development of the information and reservation system in various work packages scientifically and methodically. The role of the information and reservation system is to enable the electrically powered mobility of the target user group from acquiring information and booking of seats up to the change in location perfectly. For that purpose, a web portal and a solution for mobile devices will be developed to meet the various needs of the target user group in different context.

Participating Scientists

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt
Romy Kniewel, M. F. A.
Dipl.-Ing. Manuel Radziwill

Cooperation

Regionalmanagement Nordhessen GmbH, Kassel, Germany
Kasseler Verkehrs-Gesellschaft AG, Kassel, Germany
EAM, Kassel, Germany
Städtische Werke AG, Kassel
Heinrich Müller ebikes mieten+mehr, Kassel, Germany
Chair of Transportation Planning and Traffic Systems (Fachgebiet Verkehrsplanung und Verkehrssysteme) of the University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany

Support and Duration

Federal Ministry of Transport, Building, and Urban Development (Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung), 10 / 2012 - 9 / 2016

Further Information about this Project


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a manikin walking on a smartphone towards its goal

EventWalker: A Personal Smart Phone Guide for Major Events and Touristic Visits

The EventWalker is an application for smart phones that provides its users several functions for communication and information retrieval in the course of major events and tourist visits. The application can be understood as a smart and handy personal event guide that can make a touristic visit of locals and foreigners to an individual experience.

The application is being iteratively developed: A first version will be available in the documenta year 2012. An improved version is planned for 2013 to the 1100th anniversary celebrations of Kassel.

Based on GPS technology and the user’s personal interests, the application will support in finding sights and exciting festivities as well as taking part in guided tours. Further details and services will be accessible through barcodes being placed at particular spots. The EventWalker will be able to answer several questions, for example: Where can I see celebrities? Is there anybody from my home town? Are there people with similar interests who are interested in meeting? Especially, the planned functionalities for social networking are new to this sort of application.

In this project, the Human-Machine Systems Engineering Group brings in expertise in usability engineering and so uses the opportunity to implement methods and techniques of the user-centered design process. These methods are requirement analysis, user scenarios, prototyping, and usability testing with potential users. Later the EventWalker will be available from the Android Market for free.

Participating Scientists

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt
Romy Kniewel, M. F. A.

Cooperation

Trout GmbH, Kassel
Kassel Marketing GmbH, Kassel

Support and Duration

Program for Excellence in Research and Development (LOEWE - Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-ökonomischer Exzellenz), State of Hesse, 4 / 2011 - 8 / 2013

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Literature Management Tool

Strudel - Student Accessible Literature Management Tool 2.0

For students, it is a huge effort to create independent work. In particular, the formally correct citation of literature is difficult. However, literature research and reference is an elemental component of self-governed learning.

In Bibsonony, bibliographic data already exists for a large amount of literature. This could be imported for future use into a personal literature management programme (such as, e.g., Citavi). Using a suitable citation template could generate both quotations and the list of references. As use of Bibsonomy is apparently complicated, this method is not often used among students. Additionally, familiarity with Bibsonomy is still low among students.

This project will enhance the usability of Bibsonomy’s user interface and create a concept to assist learning to use Bibsonomy. This will reduce the barrier to use Bibsonomy and, thus, ease the handling of large collections of literature.

Participating Scientists

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt
Dipl.-Ing. Michael Domhardt

Cooperation

Knowledge and Data-Engineering Group of the University of Kassel

Support and Duration

E-Learning-Initiative of the University of Kassel, 1 / 2011 - 11 / 2011

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StudAssist: Building a Web-based Assistance System to Support Student Consulting

If students have questions or problems related to their studies, there are many sources of information and contact persons available. Many use the personal contact to the professor or an employee of the department. The amount of different sources often leads students to take contact with the wrong staff or to ask incomplete or imprecise questions. Existing information services are inadequate or used insufficiently only. This leads to avoidable effort.

The cause of the advisory effort differs between the two groups involved. The Human-Machine Systems Engineering group supervises highly diverse students while the group of Information Systems takes care of many students in early stages of their studies. These two use cases will be analyzed to extract the needed requirements for a web-based assistance system. The system should help the students to find the right information by themselves and contact correct staff with complete questions.

As part of the project, the two different use cases heterogeneity and big events have been specifically investigated and a suitable web-based form system has been created that guides students in question wording, queries the necessary data and assigns to the appropriate staff. The integration and connection of the system to be developed in the existing infrastructure of the University of Kassel (Typo3) was tested as part of system implementation based on our own installation.

Participating Scientists

Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt

Cooperation

Information Systems Group of the University of Kassel

Support and Duration

E-Learning-Initiative of the University of Kassel, 1 / 2010 - 12 / 2010

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BCI for gaming applications
BCI for gaming applications

Brain-Computer Interface: From Game Play to Human-Computer Interaction?

Many ways for humans to interact with a technical system do exist. Beyond traditional input devices, new and advanced technologies enable alternative ways of interaction.

Mostly the leisure industry was the driving factor when taking new technologies from research laboratories to market maturity. Nintendo’s Wii remote control, using acceleration and position sensors, and Apple’s iPhone introducing the multi-touch capable touch-sensitive display were outstanding examples of these developments.

With the market launch of OCZ's Neural Impulse Actuator (NIA), a game controller based on the principle of a non invasive brain-computer interface (BCI) is available. The system is announced to make interaction with computer games possible without mouse or keyboard.

The BCI manufacturer promises easy installation, calibration, and use, as well as pre-configured profiles for an easy start into game play. However, are the available devices, using such simple sensors, useful in a computer game? Are BCI games satisfied with the results? Are the available BCIs useful in other applications than games? How far is interaction restricted when using a BCI?

A usability test, consisting of different tasks, explored strength and weakness of the system. The results show that the user is able to solve interaction tasks with the system and that systems of this kind could be a reasonable addition to conventional input devices. In the end an assessment of additional capabilities in human computer interaction was performed.

Participating Scientists

Univ.-Professor Dr.-Ing. Ludger Schmidt
Dipl.-Ing. Michael Domhardt

Duration

10 / 2008 - 3 / 2009

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Fluid and powder mixed together
Multi-Level Flow Modelling

Cognition-Based Visualisation

Cognition-Based Process Visualisation in Goal-Means Oriented Human-Machine Interfaces

Recent findings on human information processing from cognitive psychology have affected the development of human-machine interfaces. In addition to models based exclusively on mathematical and logical descriptions, the goal-means oriented view emerged as a base for novel models, including the Multi-Level Flow Modelling and Ecological Interface Design. Both representations provide multiple abstraction levels for information presentation.

Findings from this project improved controllability and manageability of complex industrial processes by introducing new ways of information presentation. Several different user interfaces for a chemical distillation process have been developed in the first project phase. In the second phase evaluated these interfaces, the cognition-based assistance system, and the new symbol system experimentally.

Participating Scientist

Dr.-Ing. Andreas Völkel
Univ.-Professor Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. Gunnar Johannsen

Support and Duration

German Research Foundation (DFG), 2 / 1998 - 1 / 2001

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Aicraft during ground operations
Aicraft during ground operations

Co-Operative Airport Operations

The objective of this project, supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG, 1997 - 2002), was an optimal realisation of the flight and dispatching operations on a modern airport under the constraints of the existent airport capacities. An optimal accomplishment of the airport operations can only be achieved if one succeeds in coordinating the actions of all the involved co-operators and the use of the required resources as best as possible. Besides a comprehensive data exchange, there is a need for both, suitable presentations of the relevant information as well as organisational and technical possibilities for co-operation between the apron control, the authority for the distribution of resources of the terminal, and the coordination centres of the different service providers on the airport.

Beyond this, there have to be decision support systems, particularly during heavy air traffic or in exceptional situations, as well as interfaces for the selection of the presented information depending on the situation and adapted to the user in order to reduce the mental stress of the operators to an acceptable level and to guarantee always an optimal performance of the airport operations.

Participating Scientists

Dipl.-Ing. Oliver Hengstenberg
Dr.-Ing. Thomas C. Gudehus
Dr.-Ing. Bernd-Burkhard Borys
Univ.-Professor Dr.-Ing. Dr. h.c. Gunnar Johannsen

Cooperation

Berliner Flughafen GmbH, Berlin-Tegel, Germany
Flughafen Hamburg GmbH, Hamburg, Germany

Support and Duration

German Research Foundation (DFG), 1997 - 2002

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Computer-Aided Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Diagnosis of Dynamic Systems in the Technical Domain

Based on an analysis of existing approaches in this work a method for the knowledge acquisition for knowledge-based diagnosis of dynamic systems in the technical domain as well as an adequate computer-aided tool were developed.

This tool enables domain experts to create and maintain knowledge bases nearly on their own, facilitates the knowledge acquisition process and makes it more effective and fail-safe. This required on one side a model for human problem solving complying with the standards of the operators’ diagnosis tasks and of the dynamic technical system, on the other side template forms for clear and easy understandable presentation of this model to domain experts. In particular, the time variability of information had to be considered.

The author extended and enhanced the problem solving method including temporal inferencing as well as the knowledge based system CAUSES, both results from her work in project GRADIENT.

This tool automatically generates rules from the knowledge elements entered by the experts. For inspection the rules are represented in a comprehensible way. To allow a validation of the rules by the experts, the tool was integrated in the improved CAUSES knowledge-based system. Finally, the implemented tool was evaluated by an expert.

Doctoral Candidate

Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Inform. Sabine Borndorff-Eccarius, 1997

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Electronic Manuals to Support Knowledge-Based Failure Diagnosis

The objective of this PhD project was to combine a diagnostic expert system with a fault diagnosis manual. A pathfinder-module brings the hypotheses generated by a diagnostic module into context with problem related knowledge such, that human operators can better test proposed solutions. This results in very flexible human-machine cooperation. The approach was used to support fault management for the “Volkswagen Digifant” motor management system and an inverter module for photovoltaic plants.

Doctoral Candidate 

Dr.-Ing. Martin Hollender, 1995

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Photo by Norbert Kaiser, CC-by-sa

Online-Simulation: An Aid to Control slow Processes

In this thesis the author analysed the use of online-simulation models with manual control of slow control systems. The main objectives were to facilitate the change between manual and automatic process control by appropriate support functions and to integrate the process operator more actively in the process control.

In general, two support functions become available when implementing an online–simulation model: During manual control the model helps to quantitatively determine the correct control changes and, thus, it allows to learn about the process within short time without risk similar to the use of a training simulator. During automatic operation the model gives a forecast of the control settings and the process behaviour. Hereby, the automation gets more transparent so that the operator can easily understand the performance of the controller and is able to intervene manually if necessary.

The control of a combined heat and power plant provided the first application example. It was demonstrated how to get a practical simulation model for the operator with little effort. This model was implemented together with a power plant simulation to conduct a laboratory experiment where trained test persons solved load adjustment tasks. With acceptable expenditure of time for acquisition definite improvements of control precision were resulted. Finally, the application of online models for ships handling was analysed. The operating modes “time-lapse simulation”, “model inversion”, and “automatic handling” were implemented. Also in this setting sufficient support functions were found which seem to be realisable in praxis in case of adequate available computing power.

Doctoral Candidate

Dr.-Ing. Christian Heßler, 1992

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