APIKS - Academic Profession in Knowledge Society


Nicolai Götze MA

Lars Müller M.A.

Dr. Christian Schneijderberg (Projektleitung)




July 2016 to June 2020

Funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research of Germany

In 2017 the international study “Academic Profession in the Knowledge Society" (APIKS) starts a broad international comparative survey of the working conditions in academia and the attitude of scientists. This survey is carried out for the third time – similar ones have already taken place in 1992 and 2007 (The Changing Academic Profession = CAP). The study of 2017 will involve research teams from 23 countries (Australia, Brazil, China, the UK, Japan, Mexico, Russia, South Korea and the USA). A research team of INCHER-Kassel conducts the survey in Germany as a subproject of the international study. 


Christian Schneijderberg und Nicolai Götze: Organisierte, metrifizierte und exzellente Wissenschaftler*innen. Veränderungen der Arbeits- und Beschäftigungsbedingungen an Fachhochschulen und Universitäten von 1992 über 2007 bis 2018. Kassel: INCHER Kassel 2020 (INCHER-Working Paper; 13) https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3949756  

Schneijderberg, C., Müller, L., and Götze, N. (2020). Is the German Academic Profession on Metrification Autopilot? A Study of 25 Years of Publication Outputs. SocArXiv, https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/mcs3g

Müller, L. and Schneijderberg, C. (2020). The Emergence of the Organizational Academic Profession: Vertical differentiation of German universities and the research-teaching nexus. Higher Education Forum http://doi.org/10.15027/48954 (OpenAccess).

Schneijderberg, C., Broström, A., Cavalho, T. Geschwind, L., Marquina, M., Müller, L. and Reznik, N. (accepted for publication). Academics’ Societal Engagement in Humanities and Social Sciences: A Generational Perspective from Argentina, Germany, Portugal and Sweden. Higher Education Policy.

Schneijderberg, C., & Götze, N. (2021; accepted for publication): Academics’ Societal Engagement in Cross-country Perspective: Large-n in Small-n Comparative Case Studies. Higher Education Policy.

Götze, N., Carvalho, T. & Aarrevaara, T. Academics’ Societal Engagement in Diverse European Binary Higher Education Systems: A Cross-Country Comparative Analysis. Higher Education Policy (2021). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41307-020-00222-w

Schneijderberg, C., Götze, N., Jones, G.A., Bilyalov, D., Panova, A., Sephenson, G.K., & Yudkewich, M. (2021): Does vertical University Stratification foster or hinder Academics’ Societal Engagement? Findings from Canada, Germany, Kazakhstan, and Russia. Higher Education Policy, DOI: 10.1057/s41307-020-00219-5