# Education

## Constructional basics I (B.Sc.)

In this introductory lecture the phenomena of the load transfer will be presented. Starting with terms and definitions such as mass and force, over the building materials and reactions to the point of Lastabtragsmechnismen terms are defined. From this, questions are developed and solutions are worked out.

In addition to the lecture are the Constructional basics I - excercises taking place where practical tasks will be applied to theoretical knowledge.

## Constructional basics III (B.Sc.)

This course builds on the lecture C-1.101 'Constructional basics I' from the previous winter term. After an introductory repetition the available structural systems for the mechanisms of load transfer, spanning, columns, bracing and foundation are presented and the implications of their use are explained. There will be declared rules for an approximate dimensioning which will allow the students to make realistic assumptions in their designs.

In addition to the lecture will be held the Constructional basics-III-excercises, where practical tasks will be applied to theoretical knowledge.

## Special Structures (WS/SS)

M.Sc.

Students in their Bachelor learn the basics of structural behaviour and the relation between structure and design in the seminar ‘constructional basics’. Based on this, master students get deeper knowledge of the structural behaviour and its interdependency with the building design and the building technology in the seminar ‘special structures’.

This seminar runs with different focuses in summer and winter term. In summer term it deals with multi-storey buildings, that means buildings with numerous storeys on top of each other. In winter term it deals with other building types i.e. halls, bridges, towers, membrane structures and shells.

The winter term starts with structures and systems for halls. What to pay particular attention to while designing a hall structure and what are the impacts between the available systems and the material are amongst the questions dealt with. The transition from halls to bridges is given by increasing the span and the possibility of using different systems. The part towers deals with architectonical designed observation towers and land-marks. The last part deals with pressure and tensile stressed structures, such as membrane structures and shell structures. Analogue to the historic development, ruled and minimal surfaces are presented first before finally free formed shells are subject-matter.

Besides dealing with the basics of each structural system these seminars are also concerned with the functional-related boundary conditions. In multi-storey buildings with office usage the distance between the columns must be a multiple of the extension grid for example. This extension grid is determined by various different functional aspects, i.e. office organization, office size, use of the different floors. These functional boundary conditions are presented with the help of examples and their impact on the design is discussed. Extensive analysis is carried out and the students are asked to apply their knowledge to a small design task.

The seminars are open for all master students as optional courses. For students in the master program Design Research one seminar is mandatory, the other can be taken as optional course.