Dr. Vladimir Gross



2020 Promotion zum Dr. rer. nat., Universität Kassel, Deutschland
2013 Master of Science, Biology (M.Sc.), University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA
2011 Bachelor of Science, Biological Sciences (B.Sc.), University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA


Jezierska, M.,Miernik, A., Sojka, J., Student, S., Sliwińska, M.A., Gross, V. & Poprawa, I. (in press) Oogenesis in the tardigrade Hypsibius exemplaris Gąsiorek, Stec, Morek & Michalczyk, 2018 (Eutardigrada, Hypsibiidae). Micron.

Gross, V. & Mayer, G. (2022): Phylum Tardigrada. In: B. Schierwater & R. DeSalle (Eds) Invertebrate Zoology: A Tree of Life Approach. CRC Press, Oxon, 499–511.

Gross, V., Epple, L. & Mayer, G. (2021) Organization of the central nervous system and innervation of cephalic sensory structures in the water bear Echiniscus testudo (Tardigrada: Heterotardigrada) revisited. Journal of Morphology  282:1298–1312.

Gross, V. & Mayer, G. (2019): Cellular morphology of leg musculature in the water bear Hypsibius exemplaris (Tardigrada) unravels serial homologies. Royal Society Open Science 6:191159.

*Gross, V., *Müller, M., Hehn, L., Ferstl, S., Allner, S., Dierolf, M., Achterhold, K., **Mayer, G., & **Pfeiffer, F. (2019): X-ray imaging of a water bear offers a new look at tardigrade internal anatomy. Zoological Letters 5:14. * and ** equal contribution.

*Gross, V., *Treffkorn, S., Reichelt, J., Epple, L., Lüter, C., & Mayer, G. (2019): Miniaturization of tardigrades (water bears): Morphological and genomic perspectives. Arthropod Structure and Development 48:12–19. *Equal contribution.

Gross, V., Bährle, R. & Mayer, G. (2018): Detection of cell proliferation in adults of the water bear Hypsibius dujardini (Tardigrada) via incorporation of a thymidine analog. Tissue and Cell 51: 77–83.

Jahn, H., Oliveira, I.S., Gross, V., Martin, C., Hipp, A., Mayer, G. & Hammel, J.U. (2018): Evaluation of contrasting techniques for X-ray imaging of velvet worms (Onychophora). Journal of Microscopy 270: 343–358.

Martin, C., Gross, V., Hering, L., Tepper, B., Jahn, H., Oliveira, I.S., Stevenson, P.A. & Mayer, G. (2017): The nervous and visual systems of onychophorans and tardigrades: learning about arthropod evolution from their closest relatives. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 203: 565–590.

Gross, V., Minich, I. & Mayer, G. (2017): External morphogenesis of the tardigrade Hypsibius dujardini as revealed by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Morphology 278:563–573.

Martin, C., Gross, V., Pflüger, H.J., Stevenson, P.A. & Mayer, G. (2017): Assessing segmental versus non-segmental features in the ventral nervous system of onychophorans (velvet worms). BMC Evolutionary Biology 17:3.

Oliveira, I.S.*, Bai, M.*, Jahn, H., Gross, V., Martin, C., Hammel, J. U., Zhang, W. & Mayer, G. (2016): Earliest onychophoran in amber reveals Gondwanan migration patterns. Current Biology 26: 2594–2601. *Shared first authorship.

Gross, V. & Mayer, G. (2015): Neural development in the tardigrade Hypsibius dujardini based on anti-acetylated alpha-tubulin immunolabeling. EvoDevo 6:12.

Gross, V., Treffkorn, S. & Mayer, G. (2015): Tardigrada. In: A. Wanninger (Ed.) Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 3: Ecdysozoa I: Non-Tetraconata. Springer-Verlag, Vienna. pp. 25–52.

Mayer, G., Franke, F.A., Treffkorn, S., Gross, V. & Oliveira, I.S. (2015): Onychophora. In: A. Wanninger (Ed.) Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 3: Ecdysozoa I: Non-Tetraconata. Springer-Verlag, Vienna. pp. 53–98.

Mayer, G., Martin, C., Oliveira, I.S., Franke, F.A. & Gross, V. (2014): Latest anomalocaridid affinities challenged. Nature 516:E1–E2.

Gross, V., Miller, W.R. & Hochberg, R. (2014): A new tardigrade, Mutaparadoxipus duodigifinis gen. nov., sp. nov. (Heterotardigrada: Arthrotardigrada), from the Southeastern United States. Zootaxa 3835: 263–272.

Hochberg, R., Atherton, S. & Gross, V. (2013): A new species of sublittoral marine gastrotrich, Lepidodasys ligni sp. nov. (Macrodasyida, Lepidodasyidae), from the Atlantic coast of Florida. ZooKeys 289: 1–12.


Neural development in Hypsibius dujardini supports the sister-group relationship of tardigrades and arthropods. 13th International Symposium on Tardigrada. Modena, Italy. Young Scientist Award for Best Oral Presentation

Origin and development of the nervous system in the tardigrade Hypsibius dujardini. 3rd International Congress on Invertebrate Morphology 2014, Berlin, Deutschland.

Neural Development in the water bear Hypsibius dujardini (Tardigrada). 107th Annual Meeting of the German Zoological Society 2014, Göttingen, Deutschland.

Comparative Myoanatomy of the Tardigrada. Department of Biological Sciences 2012, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, USA. Steven R. Williams Award for Excellence in Graduate Research.


Scanning electron microscopy as a tool for studying morphogenesis in tardigrades. 109th annual meeting of the German Zoological Society (DZG). Kiel, Germany.

A comparison of tardigrade muscular organization between species with different body form and habitat. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology annual Meeting, 2012, Charleston, SC, USA.

Bear Necessities: Adaptations to specific habitats are reflective of morphological variation between tardigrade species. 15th Annual Student Research and Community Engagement Symposium, 2012, Lowell, MA, USA.

Bearly There: Differences in tardigrade muscular organization reflect locomotory adaptations to different habitats. 12th International Symposium on Tardigrada, 2012, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal. Young Scientist Award for Best Poster Presentation.

A New Genus of Marine Tardigrada (Arthrotardigrada) from the Southeastern United States. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology annual Meeting, 2013, San Francisco, CA, USA.