Com­po­si­te Struc­tu­res un­der cy­clic loa­ding

In 1986, the first continuous Pseudo-Dynamic (PsD) tests in Europe with a time scale factor 10 on stiff-ductile specimen was performed (Roik and Dorka 1989).

Test setup for the first continuous PsD test in Europe
Test was done on a stiff-ductile SDOF specimen with sliding friction connections at Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany
Response of the stiff-ductile specimen to the El Centro earthquake: Displacement
Stiff-ductile hysteresis