Minimum Wage

From 01.01.2017 onwards, Germany now has a minimum wage law set at 9.19 Euro/hour.

The changes from this law regarding student job, internships, and trainee/volunteer jobs are particularly important for students, alumni, as well as those in the transition phase between their studies and their first career.
•    Part Time Jobs (a.k.a mini-jobs) for adults are almost always effected by the changes to the minimum wage
•    Internships are also affected by the minimum wage, excluding certain exceptions. The exceptions to the rule here are internships required by a university program, as well as university preparatory internships, for more than three months.
•    Volunteer/Trainee positions remain undefined by the law and are therefore not protected. It has to be determined from individual case to case if the employment falls under the Berufsbildungsgesetz.  
What does the law exactly say?
The actual text to the law can be found, in German, here. The section on internships can be found under §22.

Who should I contact if I have specific questions?
The Federal Ministry for Employment and Social Affairs has a Service-Hotline for specific questions. The hotline can be reached under 030/60 28 00 28 from Monday to Thursday from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Furthermore, the Ministry has a FAQ website with questions and answers to the minimum wage alterations.

What exactly does the minimum wage law do?
With a 40 hour work week, the minimum wage projects a brutto monthly wage of around 1,500 Euros. The Ministry website has a wage calculator for further calculations. For comparison: a public sector employee with a Bachelor degree (wage class E 9 / E 10, level 1) is around 2.600 to 2.900 Euro a month. Master degree holders can expect (E 13, level 1) around 3,500 Euro.

All values are subject to change.

Wann wirkt der Mindestlohn für Praktikanten? Die folgende Grafik ist abgeleitet aus den Kriterien des Mindestlohngesetzes des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit und Soziales. Über diesen Link können Sie direkt auf der Internetseite des Bundesministeriums herausfinden, ob Ihr Praktikum Mindestlohnpflichtig ist.

Tabelle Mindestlohn nach den Kriterien des Mindestlohngesetztes

Wo können spezielle Fragen gestellt werden?
Das Bundesministerium hat für konkrete Fragen eine Service-Hotline eingerichtet.

Was bedeutet der Mindestlohn konkret?
Bei einer 40 Stunden-Stelle/Woche bedeutet der Mindestlohn von 8,84 Euro ein Bruttomonatsgehalt von etwa 1.530 Euro.
Zum Vergleich: Im Öffentlichen Dienst liegt das durchschnittliche Monatsgehalt für Berufseinsteiger mit Bachelor (Gehaltsgruppen E 9/E 10, Stufe 1) bei etwa 2.700/3.100 Euro und für Master (E 13, Stufe 1) bei etwa 3.600 Euro.

Das Ministerium stellt einen Mindestlohn-Rechner zur Verfügung.

Alle Angaben ohne Gewähr.