Neue Konferenzbeiträge für ICMLA 2023 angenommen
Die folgenden Beiträge wurden von den Forschern der Abteilung IES für die ICMLA-Konferenz 2023 angenommen.
Autoren: Chandana Priya Nivarthi, Bernhard Sick
Titel: Towards Few-Shot Time Series Anomaly Detection with Temporal Attention and Dynamic Thresholding
Zusammenfassung: Anomaly detection plays a pivotal role in diverse realworld applications such as cybersecurity, fault detection, network monitoring, predictive maintenance, and highly automated driving. However, obtaining labeled anomalous data can be a formidable challenge, especially when anomalies exhibit temporal evolution. This paper introduces LATAM (Long short-term memory Autoencoder with Temporal Attention Mechanism) for few-shot anomaly detection, with the aim of enhancing detection performance in scenarios with limited labeled anomaly data. LATAM effectively captures temporal dependencies and emphasizes significant patterns in multivariate time series data. In our investigation, we comprehensively evaluate LATAM against other anomaly detection models, particularly assessing its capability in few-shot learning scenarios where we have minimal examples from the normal class and none from the anomalous class in the training data. Our experimental results, derived from real-world photovoltaic inverter data, highlight LATAM’s superiority, showcasing a substantial 27% mean F1 score improvement, even when trained on a mere two-week dataset. Furthermore, LATAM demonstrates remarkable results on the open-source SWaT dataset, achieving a 12% boost in accuracy with only two days of training data. Moreover, we introduce a simple yet effective dynamic thresholding mechanism, further enhancing the anomaly detection capabilities of LATAM. This underscores LATAM’s efficacy in addressing the challenges posed by limited labeled anomalies in practical scenarios and it proves valuable for downstream tasks involving temporal representation and time series prediction, extending its utility beyond anomaly detection applications.
Autoren: Jens Decke, Christian Gruhl, Lukas Rauch, Bernhard Sick
Titel: DADO – Low-Cost Query Strategies for Deep Active Design Optimization
Zusammenfassung: In this work, we apply deep active learning to the field of design optimization to reduce the number of computationally expensive numerical simulations widely used in industry and engineering. We are interested in optimizing the design of structural components, where a set of parameters describes the shape. If we can predict the performance based on these parameters and consider only the promising candidates for simulation, there is an enormous potential for saving computing power. We present two query strategies for self-optimization to reduce the computational cost in multi-objective design optimization problems. Our proposed methodology provides an intuitive approach that is easy to apply, offers significant improvements over random sampling, and circumvents the need for uncertainty estimation. We evaluate our strategies on a large dataset from the domain of fluid dynamics and introduce two new evaluation metrics to determine the model's performance. Findings from our evaluation highlights the effectiveness of our query strategies in accelerating design optimization. Furthermore, the introduced method is easily transferable to other self-optimization problems in industry and engineering.