Work Package 1:
Social-ecological trade-offs around the cultivation of landscape products
Which ecosystem services trade-offs does the cultivation of landscape products create, and how are these benefitting or harming different actors and actor groups?
This WP aims to investigate the social-ecological co-generation of landscape products and the associated ecosystem services, advance the assessment of ecosystem services synergies, trade-offs, and bundles, and provide the research community with an innovative method to understand the complex social-ecological interactions around ecosystem services.
- How are actors segmented around landscape products, their characteristics, and visions?
- What are the ecosystem service trade-offs, synergies, and bundles around cultivation of landscape products?
- How are the social actor characteristics and ecosystem services interlinked?
Work Package 2:
Flows between places of production and consumption
How is value of landscape products captured in multifunctional landscapes, and how are goods, financial resources, and information about these landscapes transmitted along the value chains to and from the distant places of distribution and consumption?
WP 2 reveals the complex, multi-scale dynamics of landscape product value chains by comparing short-distance and long-distance value chains of landscape products, both in the Global South (Morocco) and the Global North (Portugal, Spain), combining methods from economic geography, anthropology, and social-ecological research, and testing how short- and long-distance value chains of landscape products can promote sustainable landscape management.
Which are the key actors and flows of goods and finance in the value chains of landscape products?
What knowledge, relationships, values, and practices do actors in retail, processing, and consumption have concerning the landscapes of origin and their products?
How is feedback about the impacts of landscape products transmitted from producer landscapes to distant places of distribution and consumption?
Work Package 3:
Overall research outcome - key leverage points
What are the key leverage points in value chains of landscape products that support a transition toward sustainable landscape management?
The synthesis will create added value to the whole project by organising a process of integrating all project results and generalizing them into a consistent research line, and identifying leverage points in value chains that can scale up sustainable landscape management.
How do value chains shape and modify multifunctional landscapes?
What are the leverage points for sustainable landscape management?