Myundura, Wellington

Contact Details


+27 739081129


University of the Witwatersrand

1 Jan Smuts Avenue, P. Bag 3 Wits 2050, Braamfontein 2000,
South Africa

PhD Project Title

‘Operating under the Radar’: Rethinking Forestry Plantation Workers’ Resistance & Quiescence in Zimbabwe’s Eastern Highlands, Chimanimani District.

Abstract of PhD Project

This study explores the everyday, subtle forms of resistance (or quiescence) that waged rural agricultural workers develop, and how they execute them at the political and material level to mediate constraints under agrarian accumulation. Conventional wisdom focuses more on the overt, militant, and key points of farm worker class struggles such as street demonstrations, strikes and social

movements. Yet these moments are few and far between. Thus, little is known, that is theoretically and methodologically nuanced, in terms of what actually happens in terms of worker consciousness and action, in between the key moments of the well documented open resistance. That is, this study contributes to literature and methodology in terms of the forms, nature and significance of the ordinary day-to-day, subtle, undeclared forms of class consciousness and action that farm workers engage as they try to reproduce themselves socio-economically under precariousness. The ethnographic study occurs on two neighbouring forestry plantation estates (one privately owned and the other wholly government owned) in Chimanimani district of Zimbabwe. Participant observation and narratives will be the key data collection tools. Emic validity will be achieved through iterative, rigorous, repetitive onsite observations of, and/or participation in the farm workers' ordinary daily experiences of power, domination and resistance.

Area of Interest

Agrarian Change and Reform; Labour,  Migration and Development; Labour Hegemony and  Resistance; Political Violence.

Educational Background

2014 -


Doctor of  Philosophy in Sociology  , University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, majoring in  Sociology with a primary focus on Rural Labour and Everyday Forms of Resistance


Masters in Forced Migration and Displacement, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, majoring in Migration and Displacement


Bachelor of Arts Honours in Sociology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, majoring in General Sociology


Bachelor of Social Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe, majoring in Sociology and Rural Development and Resettlement.


Diploma in Education, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, majoring in Teaching Practice, Theory of Education and Professional Studies.

Professional Experience


Sociology Undergraduate Tutor – Social Theory for the University of the Witwatersrand, Department of Sociology, South Africa



Sociology Undergraduate Tutor—Sociological Foundations of Health, Human Behavioural Sciences, Southern Africa in the Era of Globalisation for the University of the Witwatersrand in the Department of Sociology



Assistant Lecturer—in the Department of Sociology for Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe



Primary school teacher and Acting Headmaster – Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture, Zimbabwe

Social/Political Activities

  • Patron of a local Non-Governmental Organisation (Farm Orphan Support Trust)


  • International Centre for Development and Decent Work (ICDD) PhD Fellowship (DAAD: 2014)
  • Postgraduate PhD Merit Award (University of the Witwatersrand: 2014)
  • Postgraduate Masters Merit Award (University of the Witwatersrand: 2013)
  • Postgraduate University Council Merit Scholarship (University of the Witwatersrand: 2013)
  • DAAD Masters Scholarship (African Centre for Migration & Society; University of the Witwatersrand: 2013)
  • Postgraduate Honours Merit Award (University of the Witwatersrand: 2012)
  • Sociology Achievement Awards (2 Achievement Certificates for all 2 courses covered in Semester 1; University of the Witwatersrand: 2012)
  • Recruited for 2 years as Lecturing Assistant on Academic Merit & Experience (Great Zimbabwe University: 2010)
  • University Book Prize for graduating with Distinction & as the Best Student in the Faculty of Social Sciences (Great Zimbabwe University: 2010)
  • College Book Prize for graduating with Distinction in Teaching Practice (Marymount Teachers’ College of the University of Zimbabwe: 2000)


  • Institutionalized Stereotyping: Perceptions and Experiences of the Visually Impaired on the Media’s Social Marketing of the HIV and Aids Pandemic: A case of the Visually Impaired people at Kapota school of the Blind. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 13, No. 3, 2011) ISSN: 1520-5509. Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, Pennsylvania.