Prof. Dr. David Laner

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Head of group


Universität Kassel
Mönchebergstraße 7
34125 Kassel


Room 2305
Fon: +49 561 804-3983

Research interests

In my research, I apply a systems perspective to address sustainability issues related to waste management, recycling, material cycles and circular economy. Based on the analysis and evaluation of waste and resource systems, my goal is to develop solutions and strategies from an environmental engineering perspective, which result in lower environmental impacts and higher resource efficiency. My research interests include the use of static and dynamic material flow models to understand and optimize resource use on urban, national and regional levels, the evaluation of waste-resource systems with respect to environmental performance and resource efficiency, the assessment and mitigation of (long-term) risks associated with landfills, the comparison of alternative waste treatment scenarios, sound waste characterization techniques as well as experimental studies to understand process performance of waste treatment and recycling activities. Central methods in my research are Material Flow Analysis (MFA), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Scenario Analysis, and experimental studies on the lab-, pilot- and field-scale.

 


Résumé

since 10/2018 Head of the Research Center for Resource Management and Solid Wastte Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Kassel.
03/2016 - 01/2019 Habilitation in the field of "Waste and Resource Management" at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of TU Wien
07/2011 - 09/2018 Senior researcher, Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management, TU Wien.
04/2006 - 06/2011 Project assistant, Institute for Water Quality and Resource Management, TU Wien.
10/2006 - 06/2011 PhD program in technical sciences at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of TU Wien
12/2005 - 02/2006 Research fellow (Stipendium), Groundwater Research Centre Dresden
10/1997 - 11/2005 Master program in Land and Water Engineering at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (interrupted by one-year mandatory civil service)

Publikationen (peer reviewed)

2024

V. Bisinella, S. Schmidt, A. S. Varling, D. Laner, und T. H. Christensen, „Waste LCA and the future“, Waste Management, Bd. 174, S. 53–75, 2024.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2023.11.021

2023

S. Schmidt und D. Laner, „Environmental Waste Utilization score to monitor the performance of waste management systems: A novel indicator applied to case studies in Germany“, Resources, Conservation & Recycling Advances, Bd. 2023, Nr. 18, S. 1–10, 2023.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcradv.2023.200160
S. Schmidt und D. Laner, „The environmental performance of plastic packaging waste management in Germany: Current and future key factors“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, S. 1–14, 2023.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13411

2022

K. S. Mulya, J. Zhou, Z. X. Phuang, D. Laner, und K. S. Woon, „A systematic review of life cycle assessments of solid waste management: Methodological trends and prospects“, Science of the Total Environment, Bd. 831, S. 154903, 2022.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154903

2021

J. L. Esguerra, D. Laner, N. Svensson, und J. Krook, „Landfill mining in Europe: Assessing the economic potential of value creation from generated combustibles and fines residue“, Waste Management, Bd. 126, S. 221–230, 2021.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.03.013
S. Schmidt und D. Laner, „The multidimensional effects of single-use and packaging plastic strategies on German household waste management“, Waste Management, Bd. 131, S. 187–200, 2021.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.06.003

2020

S. Schmidt, D. Laner, E. van Eygen, und N. Stanisavljević, „Material efficiency to measure the environmental performance of waste management systems: A case study on PET bottle recycling in Austria, Germany and Serbia“, Waste Management, Bd. 110, S. 74–86, 2020.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2020.05.011
I. Vateva und D. Laner, „Grain-Size Specific Characterisation and Resource Potentials of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) Bottom Ash: A German Case Study“, Resources, Bd. 9, Nr. 6, S. 66, 2020.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/resources9060066

2019

J. Grames, O. Zoboli, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, M. Zessner, M. Sanchez-Romero, und A. Prskawetz, „Understanding feedbacks between economic decisions and the phosphorus re-source cycle: a general equilibrium model including material flows“, Resources Policy, Bd. 2019, Nr. 61, S. 311–347, 2019.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.02.010
D. Laner, J. L. Esguerra, J. Krook, M. Horttanainen, M. Kriipsalu, R. M. Rosendal, und N. Stanisavljević, „Systematic assessment of critical factors for the economic performance of landfill mining in Europe: What drives the economy of landfill mining?“, Waste Management, Bd. 95, S. 674–686, 2019.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.007

2018

K. Pivnenko, D. Laner, und T. F. Astrup, „Dynamics of bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol S (BPS) in the European paper cycle: Need for concern?“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 133, S. 278–287, 2018.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.01.021
F. Huber, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „Comparative life cycle assessment of MSWI fly ash treatment and disposal“, Waste Management, Bd. 73, S. 392–403, 2018.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.06.004
N. Džubur und D. Laner, „Evaluation of Modeling Approaches to Determine End-of-Life Flows Associated with Buildings: A Viennese Case Study on Wood and Contaminants“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. 22, S. 1156–1169, 2018.
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1111/jiec.12654
E. van Eygen, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „Integrating High-Resolution Material Flow Data into the Environmental Assessment of Waste Management System Scenarios: The Case of Plastic Packaging in Austria“, Environmental Science & Technology, Bd. 52, S. 10934–10945, 2018.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b04233
E. van Eygen, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „Circular economy of plastic packaging: Current practice and perspectives in Austria“, Waste Management, Bd. 72, S. 55–64, 2018.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.11.040

2017

D. Laner, O. Zoboli, und H. Rechberger, „Statistical entropy analysis to evaluate resource efficiency: Phosphorus use in Austria“, Ecological Indicators, Bd. 83, S. 232–242, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.07.060
H. Buchner, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Potential recycling constraints due to future supply and demand of wrought and cast Al scrap—A closed system perspective on Austria“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 122, S. 135–142, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.01.014
J. Fellner, J. Lederer, C. Scharff, und D. Laner, „Present Potentials and Limitations of a Circular Economy with Respect to Primary Raw Material Demand“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, S. 494–496, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12582
E. van Eygen, J. Feketitsch, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Comprehensive analysis and quantification of national plastic flows: The case of Austria“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 117, Part B, S. 183–194, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.10.017
N. Džubur, O. Sunanta, und D. Laner, „A fuzzy set-based approach to data reconciliation in material flow modeling“, Applied Mathematical Modelling, Bd. 43, S. 464–480, 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2016.11.020

2016

A. Winterstetter, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Integrating anthropogenic material stocks and flows into a modern resource classification framework: Challenges and potentials“, Journal of Cleaner Production, Bd. 133, S. 1352–1362, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.069
K. Pivnenko, D. Laner, und T. F. Astrup, „Material Cycles and Chemicals: Dynamic Material Flow Analysis of Contaminants in Paper Recycling“, Environmental Science & Technology, Bd. 50, S. 12302–12311, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01791
O. Schwab, D. Laner, und H. Rechberger, „Quantitative evaluation of data quality in regional Material Flow Analysis“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. in press, S. 1068–1077, 2016.
N. Džubur, H. Buchner, und D. Laner, „Evaluating the Use of Global Sensitivity Analysis in Dynamic MFA“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, S. 1212–1225, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12497
M. Klinglmair, O. Zoboli, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, T. F. Astrup, und C. Scheutz, „The effect of data structure and model choices on MFA results: A comparison of phosphorus balances for Denmark and Austria“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 109, S. 166–175, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.03.009
D. Laner, J. Feketitsch, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „A Novel Approach to Characterize Data Uncertainty in Material Flow Analysis and its Application to Plastics Flows in Austria“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. 20, S. 1050–1063, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12326
D. Laner, O. Cencic, N. Svensson, und J. Krook, „Quantitative Analysis of Critical Factors for the Climate Impact of Landfill Mining“, Environmental Science & Technology, S. TBD, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01275
O. Zoboli, D. Laner, M. Zessner, und H. Rechberger, „Added Values of Time Series in Material Flow Analysis: The Austrian Phosphorus Budget from 1990 to 2011“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. 20, S. 1334–1348, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12381
A. Winterstetter, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Evaluation and classification of different types of anthropogenic resources: the cases of old landfills, obsolete computers and in-use wind turbines“, Journal of Cleaner Production, Bd. 133, S. 599–615, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.05.083

2015

D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und T. F. Astrup, „Applying Fuzzy and Probabilistic Uncertainty Concepts to the Material Flow Analysis of Palladium in Austria“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. 19, S. 1055–1069, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12235
C. Brandstätter, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „Nitrogen pools and flows during lab-scale degradation of old landfilled waste under different oxygen and water regimes“, Biodegradation, Bd. 26, S. 399–414, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10532-015-9742-5
H. Buchner, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Dynamic Material Flow Modeling: An Effort to Calibrate and Validate Aluminum Stocks and Flows in Austria“, Environmental Science & Technology, Bd. 49, S. 5546–5554, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00408
H. Buchner, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Future Raw Material Supply: Opportunities and Limits of Aluminium Recycling in Austria“, Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Bd. 1, S. 253–262, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40831-015-0027-3
J. Fellner, J. Lederer, A. Purgar, A. Winterstetter, H. Rechberger, F. Winter, und D. Laner, „Evaluation of resource recovery from waste incineration residues – The case of zinc“, Waste Management, Bd. 37, S. 95–103, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.10.010
D. Laner, H. Rechberger, W. de Soete, S. de Meester, und T. F. Astrup, „Resource recovery from residual household waste: An application of exergy flow analysis and exergetic life cycle assessment“, Waste Management, Bd. 46, S. 653–667, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.09.006
C. Brandstätter, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „Carbon pools and flows during lab-scale degradation of old landfilled waste under different oxygen and water regimes“, Waste Management, Bd. 40, S. 100–111, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.011
A. Winterstetter, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Framework for the evaluation of anthropogenic resources: A landfill mining case study – Resource or reserve?“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 96, S. 19–30, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.01.004

2014

J. Lederer, D. Laner, und J. Fellner, „A framework for the evaluation of anthropogenic resources: the case study of phosphorus stocks in Austria“, Journal of Cleaner Production, S. 368–381, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.078
C. Brandstätter, D. Laner, R. Prantl, und J. Fellner, „Using multivariate regression modeling for sampling and predicting chemical characteristics of mixed waste in old landfills“, Waste Management, Bd. 34, S. 2537–2547, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.08.009
H. Buchner, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „Material flow analysis as basis for efficient resource management – the case of aluminium flows in Austria“, Metallurgical Research & Technology, Bd. 111, S. 351–357, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/metal/2014040
H. Buchner, D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und J. Fellner, „In-depth analysis of aluminum flows in Austria as a basis to increase resource efficiency“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 93, S. 112–123, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.09.016
D. Laner, H. Rechberger, und T. F. Astrup, „Systematic Evaluation of Uncertainty in Material Flow Analysis“, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Bd. 18, S. 859–870, 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12143

2013

D. Laner und O. Cencic, „Comment on “Solid Recovered Fuel: Materials Flow Analysis and Fuel Property Development during the Mechanical Processing of Biodried Waste”“, Environmental Science & Technology, Bd. 47, S. 14533–14534, 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es403403u

2012

D. Laner, M. Crest, H. Scharff, J. W. F. Morris, und M. A. Barlaz, „A review of approaches for the long-term management of municipal solid waste landfills“, Waste Management, Bd. 32, S. 498–512, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.11.010
D. Laner, J. Fellner, und P. H. Brunner, „Site-specific criteria for the completion of landfill aftercare“, Waste Management and Research, Bd. 30, S. 88–99, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242x12453610

2011

D. Laner, J. Fellner, und P. H. Brunner, „Future landfill emissions and the effect of final cover installation - A case study“, Waste Management, Bd. 31, S. 1522–1531, 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.02.022
D. Laner, J. Fellner, und P. H. Brunner, „Environmental compatibility of closed landfills - assessing future pollution hazards“, Waste Management and Research, Bd. 29, Nr. 1, S. 89–98, 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242x10387655

2009

D. Laner, „The consideration of long-term emissions from landfills within life-cycle assessment“, Waste Management and Research, Bd. 27, S. 463–470, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242X09102335
D. Laner und H. Rechberger, „Quantitative evaluation of waste prevention on the level of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)“, Waste Management, Bd. 29, S. 606–613, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2008.05.007
D. Laner, J. Fellner, und P. H. Brunner, „Flooding of municipal solid waste landfills - An environmental hazard?“, Science of the Total Environment, Bd. 407, S. 3674–3680, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.03.006

2007

D. Laner und H. Rechberger, „Treatment of cooling appliances: Interrelations between environmental protection, resource conservation, and recovery rates“, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Bd. 52, S. 136–155, 2007.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2007.03.004