Actor-based modeling and steering of innovations in material flows


Modern industrial societies and service societies take large quantities of different materials from nature. Because of the increasing demand of the economy, nature cannot provide these quantities. To improve this situation it is necessary to pursue the production and processing of materials in a sustainable way.
The purpose of AMoSS is to specify the flow patterns of material potentials of car plastics and car tires as well as to identify the developing trends with the help of own studies and by the inclusion of external experts. Different case scenarios will show the effect on the environment. This is to be followed by an analysis of the economic and social conditions for the development of these „technical“ potentials. Moreover, it is to be made clear, to what extent these conditions come about in a self-organized way by actor cooperations and markets and to what extent they need political-regulative support. The technical potentials as well as the economic, social and political conditions will then be brought together in a model of a process of developing trends and will be used in different scenario analyses. Using modern agent-based and system-dynamics modeling techniques the possibilities and limitations for the recycling of materials will be analyzed. To this end, a representation of the material flows in a system-dynamics model will be joined with an implementation of actors` behaviors in a multi-agent system. This allows the inclusion of the relevant variables on both sides and their connection in an executable, dynamic and scenario compatible system. In this way, both the time need and the individual and social action requirements of sustainable developing trends of the flow patterns of materials will be specified.

Funding agency

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

Project duration

February 2007 − February 2010

Project management

Andreas Ernst

Project staff

Ramón Briegel


Fachgebiet Umwelt- und Innovationsökonomik Fachgebiet Abfalltechnik, Universität Kassel