Nanostructures I

Nanophysics (WiSe)

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Johann Peter Reithmaier

The lectures consist of 3 SWh. The lectures are suitable for students from 7. or later semester of "Nanostructure Science Course" (required subject) and from 5. or later semester of "Physics diploma" (elective course). Basic knowledge of experimental physics, solid state physics and quantum mechanics are required. 

The first of the two lecture parts (WS) gives knowledge about the physical properties of the nanostructures. The lectures go into the dimensions independent of physical properties of solid objects and the dominating influence of quantum mechanical principles for description of the phenomena. Further fabrication and characterization methods for nanostructures will be discussed. The second part (in SS) deals with the application examples of nano-structured materials in the nanomechanics, nanoelectronics, optoelctronics and nanophotonics. 

Content of the lectures

  1. Overview

  2. Introduction

    • fundamental thoughts and differentiation from atomic physic and continuum physic

    • overview of the fabrication methods (top-down, bottom-up and others)

    • overview of the characterization methods

    • overview of the application possibilities

  3. Physical fundamentals

    • mechanics and thermodynamics

    • electrodynamics

    • quantum mechanics

    • atomic physics and physics of the moleculs

    • solid state physics

  4. Mechanical and thermal properties of nanostructured materials

    • mechanical properties of the nanostructures

    • thermal properties of the nanoparticles and clusters of the moleculs

  5. Electrical and magnetic properties of the nanostructured solids

    • theory of the low-dimensional electron systems (quqntum films, quantum wires, quantum dots)

    • electron transport in nanostructured semiconductors (tunnel effect, coulomb blockade and others)

    • properties of nanostructured magnetic materials and particles

  6. Optical properties of the nanostructured solids

    • interaction of the nanostructured semiconductors with electromagnetic radiation

    • nanostructured photonic systems (photonic crystals, microcavities and others)

    • quantum dot structures in optical resonators

  7. Nanostructuring techniques

    • top-down methods (lithography, nanoimprint, AFM and others)

    • bottom-up methods (self growth methods, Sol-Gel, chemical methods)

  8. Characterization methods for nanostructures

    • scanning electron- and transmission microscopy

    • special scanning electron methods (AFM, STM, magnet. AFM, SNOM and others)

    • analytical methods (XRD, EBID, FIB, SIMS and others)

  9. Introduction in the application of nanostructures

  10. Nanoparticles and molecule clusters

  11. Nanomechanics

  12. Nanoelectronics

  13. Molacular electronics

  14. Nanostructures in the optoelectronics

  15. Nanophotonics

Review of the summer semester (Chapter 9.-15.)
Nanostructures from the physical point of view II (Applications)

Lecture / Exercise times

First lecture: Monday, 23. Oct. 2023

Monday, 15.15 - 17.00 in room 1252

Thursday, 12.15 - 13.00 in room 1102



First exercise: Friday, 3. Nov. 2023

Friday, 13.00 - 14.00  in room 1252


Documents for the lecture and exercise can be found in the Moodle course NP I (access code will be announced in the 1st lecture).


Examination data (oral)

Oral Exams WiSe 2023/2024:


Tuesday, 09. April 2024 from 9.00 am

Wednesday, 10. April 2024 from 9.00 am


Length of the oral examination is 60 minutes for every student.


Please register for the exam in person or by e-mail at the Technical Physics Office. Please do not forget to register in HISPOS.


Registration deadline: 11. and 12. April 2024